understand the experimental design and conclusions used in the development of modern atomic theory, including Dalton's postulates, thomson's discovery of electron properties, rutherford's nuclear atom, and bohr's nuclear atom

understand the electromagnetic spectrum and the mathematical relationships between energy, frequency, and wavelength of light

calculate the wavelength, frequency, and energy of light using planck's constant and the speed of light

use isotopic composition to calculate average atomic mass of an element

express the arrangement of electrons in atoms through electron configurations and lewis valence electron dot structures

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